来源：《商品与质量》杂志2012第6期 国际刊号：ISSN1006-656X 黄新强
County museum building and the future development of
Analysis and Discussion
Museum is a historical promenade, is conservation, research and display of traditional cultural non-profit organization, in cultural transmission and promote the development of culture plays an important role. Museum of a city, like a family genealogy, she was later through the museum every collection, through the long history of the promenade, enjoy the essence of this city to make history, to enhance the sense of the city's ancient culture thick. But the county museum, because the poor facilities, shortage of funds, resulting in inadequate collections collections; while in the security services and network management there are many bottlenecks, especially in the rapid development of modern science and technology of today, there is a county museum Many shortcomings and lack of international standards and the distance far. To carry forward the traditional culture, promote the development of museums, a holistic approach to the county museum after some suggestions and countermeasures targeted nature.
First, the museum of the importance of human development status and
Luoyuan Museum Introduction
Social progress and social development. Made to build the museum's purpose is to allow future generations to remember history, to understand the history; present, China vigorously promote the traditional culture, as the building of socialist culture an important part of the museum, is the height of all the outstanding cultural elements summarized in our history. Because of its important role in the collection and protection of cultural relics, but also bear on future generations were the role of traditional culture and education.
The museum is a special medium of dissemination of knowledge and traditional culture. System features museum artifacts consisting of the use of different types and different themes of cultural scientific classification, the use of visual image, the specific features of the real, direct, vivid and persuasive appeal, to be displayed on the system properties. The majority of visitors were educational, cultural traditional historical knowledge of education, patriotism education. Museum exhibits showing by reaching inherit and carry forward the fine traditional culture of the important role, which plays an important role in scientific and comprehensive values descendants form. In the rapid development of the socialist market economy today, the role of museums is particularly important.
Luoyuan County Museum is facing many difficulties in the development
process, mainly reflected in:
First, build a museum relatively late, in recent years in the relevant section of their attention and support have been developed to a certain extent, but overall, there is insufficient capital investment, development lags behind reality. Such as: the size of the museum's small display, holding species is not abundant, it is extremely rare precious historical relics.
Second, the library in the operation and management process, there are weaknesses in the management of the museum in view of the high demand, management fees in the camp with a larger proportion of the costs, the museum collection of items can not be scientifically reasonable complement and complete, Specific features:
1, there is not enough money to pay for the costs of collecting artifacts
2, living less in folk artifacts, plus collection of vogue, channels can also collect artifacts less and less.
Third, the public view of the status of the county museum, and medium-sized cities has unavoidable lack, which face many obstacles in the museum professional management and research personnel to absorb the process. Lack of professionals directly affect the museum "fresh blood" of injection, in museum collections of publicity, the development of collections of derivatives, the museum to build on the theme of culture and the application of modern science and technology and so limit the long-term development of the museum.
Second, the gap between the world development trend of museums and
museum with my analysis of the existence of
Metabolism, spit Buena new is the natural law of social development. Development of the museum have to get rid of that once a museum, life-long patterns, especially accompanied by the rapid development of science and technology today, the museum also should make full use of modern science and technology and strength, so technology elements continue into the museum Come, let spread eternal heritage no longer stay quiet and mysterious. Entering the museum, visitors can not only reflected in its shape, and even heard his voice; some historical relics through high-tech means, not only can see it in the past, you can see it in the future; for some historical events, we Audio Video playback, let history "reproduction", which would allow viewers to actively participate in them. In concept, learning, thinking, moving in to deepen the understanding and awareness of ornamental items. In short, the museum in the process of social development more toward modernization, more and more emphasis on visiting staff participation, the modern style of the museum is toward a financial pastime, enjoying this trend fit.
Comparison showed gaps exist with luoyuan Museum is obvious. Currently, the library also uses traditional management methods, as a card-on exhibits Indication basically visual browsing visitors themselves, the audience can not do it yourself, you can not participate. Although the configuration of the guide, but also a unanimous explain instructors, thousands of homology, visitors can only passively accept. You can not be the audience's visual, auditory, tactile fully mobilized. Such a museum to visitors in terms of no novelty, lack of active participation of the people and the high enthusiasm.
Reference in contrast, we found that the county museum in modern society, to finding a long-term development. It must increase the use of science and technology, so that high science and technology has become an important force to promote the development of the museum. For some depth to develop a higher level of literature's greatest treasures tech, specialized record audio and video data, using even modern 3D technology, visitors will have an immersive visual experience during the visit. In addition, the cultural explanations and instructions to meet the characteristics and requirements of the times, in the setting as much as possible to explain the words to write several different versions, using different words to explain the different tour groups, which is an adaptation of the diversity of the needs of modern Choose one means.
In summary, social activities, the development of the museum to be more modern and ornamental, science and technology and diversification into the needs of the people makes the development of the museum is facing more opportunities, but also face more challenges for the county museum, the challenge is even greater. In this trend, the library also have full use of science and technology to promote the development of our library, digital technology, multimedia technology has become an inevitable, if stick to the traditional model, will have to face the danger of being eliminated even behind.
Third, our library Selection of realistic development strategies
The museum is to pass an important carrier of culture, museums and prosperity is an important indicator of social welfare prosperity. How to make the county museum in the traditional cultural development and prosperity of today, more and more health services to people that this is a cultural workers should focus on and think about
First, the government is the cultural construction of the organizers and practitioners. Government policy should play a leading role, increase the importance of museum development. County Museum of development, financial support is the key breakthrough in the development of the museum must be supported by government funds. In particular, especially for newly established development Luoyuan museum is incomplete. Also, the Government should also be given on the collection and recovery of cultural goods encouragement, and to set an example for those who have made outstanding contributions to the recovery of artifacts collection to give material and spiritual rewards, forming a cultural good effect recovery mechanism. So as to ensure long-term old museum development.
Second, both inside and outside the museum building to highlight the theme, features
In the construction and development of the museum, we may be faced with such a dilemma, it is limited to the area of the museum display the contents of many, often conflicting in construction. In fact, every museum can not do everything, taste everything, especially the county-level museum is particularly true. Development of the county museum is the most crucial thing is to establish its own theme, such as: red classic theme to the ancient commercial development as the theme to the theme of fossils to modern science-themed anime and so on.
Third, strengthen exchanges and communication science and technology between the input and interlibrary
Improve internal LAN museum management, improve the soft environment construction inside the museum. Investment in science and technology has become an inevitable choice for the development of the museum, on the one hand to enhance the attractiveness of the museum, so that more viewers are willing to come to visit the museum; on the other hand, management tools upgrade will reduce daily expenses museum funds. The rapid development of modern society to make the museum a changing social environment, expand foreign exchange, rich heritage species, globalization is an inevitable trend in the development of the museum. Society's expectations of increasing museum, interlibrary exchange among the exhibits constantly updated, form a mutual flow mode of operation.
Fourth, the museum to establish a "people-oriented" concept, to meet the needs of society and the audience as the starting point of the museum shop and office purposes. To "close to the people, life, and the reality," the guiding ideology of the main line, to different ethnic clothing, food, housing, transportation, as well as the region's historical figures, history of physical display as the theme, the design must: from light adjusted on Showcase shape, tone instructors Speed, innovative tour route, etc., to create a special atmosphere and to adapt the content, the audience entered the galleries have a sense of immersive, recalling the tragic, from education. In short, it is to make people understand the museum become history, understanding history and learn the history of knowledge and learning, to become an integral part of people's lives. Into the old, poor, lack of communication with the outside world, the function displayed on poor, little cultural phenomenon to be to completely change the time.